What is a Wrongful Death Action?
A wrongful death action is a claim for damages that stem from the conduct, action or omission by another party, which caused the decedent’s injury and ultimately his or her premature death.
Certain persons the right to bring a claim for damages they have sustained as a result of the loss of their loved one.
Generally, this would be monetary losses, but it may also be loss of companionship, loss to the estate or additional losses depending on the circumstances of the case.
Who can bring IL wrongful death claim
- Family members or dependents of the decedent
- Additionally, aunts, uncles, nieces and nephews may have standing to bring a wrongful death claim if they are the decedent’s heirs at law.
Who can not bring wrongful death claim
– Cohabiting partners
Generally, In order for an individual (family member, spouse, to bring a wrongful death claim, he or she must be able to prove to the court
– who they are (in relation to the decedent),
– the relationship/connection he or she had with the victim and
– his or her right to bring a claim before the court for loss.
If the claimant is able to bring a claim for wrongful death, the defendant (or responsible party) does not have to be an individual.
Who may be held liable
The liable party — the party who would have been liable for the decedent’s injuries had he or she not died from them — may also be the decedent’s employer, a corporation/business or a governmental entity.
Wrongful death is often used by the court as a factor when determining the amount of damages in a personal injury claim.
Often, the fact finder (judge or jury) will be able to consider the permanent loss of the decedent’s earnings, due to his or her wrongful death.
What is claimant entitled to
The claimant may be entitled to the amount of wages the decedent would have earned for the remainder of his or her life. This is determined by the salary amount at the time of death (some jurisdictions will also allow foreseeable wage increases), or support payments, for the remainder of the decedent’s life (based on probable life expectancy).
It is important to know the law in your jurisdiction when determining what type of damages to pursue in your wrongful death action..