The severity of a traumatic brain injury can change, however, brain injuries may be mild, moderate, and severe. For example, a Brain Herniation can occur from rising intracranial pressure.
Common Consequences of Brain Injuries may include:
1. Moderate Brain Injuries.
Moderate brain injury is often defined as when there may be a loss of consciousness for less than 24-hours and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS score) of 9 to 12. For example, an abnormal CT-scan may show:
- Blood collects between the dura, which is the skull's outer shell, and the inner table of the skull. Increased brain pressure can cause a patient's level of consciousness to deteriorate quickly.
- A bruise may be found under or opposite from the side of the impact
- Can cause brain swelling
- May cause neurological dysfunction
- A craniotomy is the temporary surgical removal of a bone flap until the patient can undergo brain surgery.
- A brain herniation is due to increased intracranial pressure.
- This build-up of pressure can cause the patient's level of consciousness to deteriorate.
Compressed Basal Cisterns
- Fracture to the skull can happen because of a large amount of force to the head
- Skull fracture symptoms may include bleeding and bruising, like middle ear bleeding, or back of ear bruised dark circles around the eyes.
2. Severe Brain Injury
A severe traumatic brain injury causes a change in consciousness. Severe brain injury is defined as a brain injury resulting in a loss of consciousness of greater than 6 hours & a Glasgow Coma Scale of 3 to 8. The following are three types of Loss of Consciousness include:
- A person is completely unconscious and unable to wake or arouse. Therefore, an individual in a coma cannot follow instructions or communicate.
Minimal conscious state
- May follows simple instructions
- Can communicate yes or no by talking or gesturing a few understandable words or phrases
- Possible responses to people, things, events by: tears, smile, laugh, sounds, gestures, reaching for something, and attempting to old or use something.
- Cannot follow instructions
- Unable to communicate with words
- No intentional movement
- Can open and close eye (Sleep-wake cycle)
- May make sounds
- May show facial expressions for no particular reason
- Can react to a loud sound if startles
3. Mild Brain Injury / Concussion
Mild TBI is defined as is a non-penetrating force to the head. The most common symptoms of a concussion are:
- Headache, Migraine
- Sensitive to light
- second-most common symptom after a concussion or TBI
- usually begins 1-week after concussion and lasts for 2-3 weeks
- Vertigo can occur by doing certain head movements. You may have ringing in the ears with vertigo.
- Hearing Loss
- Feel nauseated
- Memory loss
- Unable to remember certain memories
- Unable to taste
- Loss of smell
- Can’t concentration
- Can’t focus
- Trouble reading or writing
- Word finding loss
- Difficulty communicating
- Isolation, avoid social events
- Mood changes
If you or a loved one has a mild, moderate, or severe traumatic brain injury due to someone else's wrongdoing or negligence, contact Cullotta Law Offices for a free consultation.