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Brain Injury

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The severity of Chicago Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): Moderate, Severe, and Mild

It is important to understand that the severity of a traumatic brain injury can change, however, brain injuries may be mild, moderate and severe. For example, a Brain Herniation can occur from rising intracranial pressure. This pressure can cause the patient's level of consciousness to deteriorate. 

Consequences of Brain Injuries

1. Common Consequences of Moderate Brain Injuries Include:

Moderate brain injury is often defined as when there may be a loss of consciousness for less than 24-hours and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS score) of 9 to 12.

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An abnormal CT-scan may show :

    1. Hematoma: 
      • Blood collects between the dura, which is the skull's outer shell, and the inner table of the skull
    2. Contusion: 
      • A bruise may be found under or opposite from the side of the impact
      • Can cause brain swelling
      • May cause neurological dysfunction
    3. Brain Swelling:
      • A craniotomy is the temporary surgical removal of bone flap until patient can undergo brain surgery. 
    4. Brain Herniation:
      • A brain herniation is due to increased intracranial pressure.
      • This build up of pressure can cause the patient's level of consciousness to deteriorate.
    5. Compressed Basal Cisterns
    6. Skull Fracture: 
        • Fracture to skull occured from a large amount of force to the head
        • Skull fracture symptoms may include bleeding and bruising 
          • middle ear bleeding or back of ear bruised
          • dark circles around the eyes.

2. Common Consequences of a Severe TBI May Include:

  • Severe IL traumatic injury to the head causes a change in consciousness:

Severe brain injury is defined as a brain injury resulting in a loss of consciousness of greater than 6 hours & a Glasgow Coma Scale of 3 to 8. The following are three types of Loss of Consciousness include:

    1. Coma 
        • Person is complete unconsciousness and unable to wake or arouse.  Therefore, an individual in a coma cannot follow instructions or communicate.  
    2. Minimal conscious state
        • May follows simple instructions
        • Can communicate yes or no by talking or gesturing a few understandable words or phrases
        • Possible respond to people, things, events by: tears, smile, laugh, sounds , gestures, reaching for something, and attempting to old or use an something.
    3. Vegetative State:
        • Cannot follow instructions
        • Unable to communicate with words 
        • No intentional movement
        • Can open and close eye (Sleep-wake cycle)
        • May make sounds 
        • May show facial expressions for no particular reason
        • Can react to a loud sound if startles

3. Effects of a Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) or Concussion 

Mild TBI is defined as is a non-penetrating force to the head. The most common symptoms of a concussion are:

      1. Headache, Migraine
      2. Photophobia
      3. Sensitive to light
        • second-most common symptom after a concussion or TBI
        • usually begins 1-week after concussion and lasts for 2-3 weeks
      4. Vertigo 
        • Vertigo can occur by doing certain head movements.  You may have ringing in the ears with vertigo. 
      5. Hearing Loss
      6. Feel nauseated
      7. Vomiting
      8. Memory loss
        •  Unable to remember certain memories
      9. Unable to taste 
      10. Loss of smell
      11. Can’t  concentration
      12. Can’t focus
      13. Trouble reading or writing 
      14. Word finding loss
      15. Difficulty communicating
      16. Isolation, avoid social events
      17. Anxiety
      18. Mood changes
      19. Anger
      20. Depression

If you or a loved one has a mild, moderate or severe traumatic brain injury due to someone else's wrongdoing or negligence, contact Cullotta Law Offices for a free consultation. 

Our Personal Injury Lawyer specialize in Brain Injury, Coma, & Concussion  that, in IL, are usually from trauma sustained by a fall or car accident. Our auto accident lawyer also understand the importance of gathering all evidence as soon as possible to maximize our clients’ damages Contact Cullotta Law Offices at 847-651-7191.  


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