A spinal cord injury is caused by nerve damage to the bone that protects the spinal canal rather than by an actual back or neck injury. Loss of function results from the trauma to the spinal cord but usually leaves the cord intact and bruised.
2-Consequences From A Chicago Traumatic Spinal Cord injury
Loss of function results from trauma to the spinal cord but usually leaves the cord intact and bruised.
The outer layer conducts impulses triggered by pressure, pain, and other sensory stimuli; conducts motor impulses that, in turn, activate muscles and glands. The inner layer is composed of nerve cell bodies that run through the cord into the brain.
Within the gray matter lies the spinal canal through which the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulates.
Spinal Cord Injury Can Be Complete or Incomplete
Spinal cord injuries may result in complete (total / quadriplegia ) or incomplete (partial / Paraplegia) loss of function (movement and or sensation below the injury site).
A complete loss of function means all nerves are compress and there is loss all movement or sensation below the site of injury. On the the other hand, a partial loss of function means the nerves are partially compressed; some function remains unharmed.
Spinal cord injuries may also be on both sides of the body or one side). One side of body or on both sides.
What Is an Incomplete Injury?
Damage to the front of the spinal cord affects pain sensation, temperature and touch sensation;
Trauma damage to nerve fibers that carry information to the spinal cord [from the brain] results in impairment in arms and hands and sensory loss below the site of the spinal injury.
Injury to the lateral half of the spinal cord.
Spinal bruises is the MOST COMMON type of spinal cord injury. Inflammation and bleeding occurs near the spinal cord bruise
What Is a Complete Spinal Cord Injury?
A complete SCI (quadriplegia) means there is no sensation and movement below the site of the trauma. This complete SCI may be caused by BRUISING, loss of blood to OR pressure on the spinal cord.
According to Christopher & Dana Reeves Foundation, the higher in the spinal column an injury occurs, the more function a person will lose.
The Vertebral Column can be divided into sections: Neck, Upper-back and Low-back /sacralNeck
Christopher & Dana Reeves Foundation, the most common region to sustain a spinal cord injury is your neck.
Cervical (Neck) Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal Cord Injuries to neck result in tetraplegia, also called quadriplegia.
There are 8-segments (vertebra)of your neck have an assigned number of C1 through C8.
These neck segments (C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, and C8) control signals to the neck, arms, hands, and, in some cases, the diaphragm.
Loss of Function for a Cervical Spinal Cord Injury, based on region:
C1 and C2 means a ventilator is necessary to breathe.
C1, C2, and C3 means complete loss of function.
C5 means eaves shoulder and biceps undamaged but little control of wrist and hand.
Individuals with a C5 SCI can live independently; carry-out many every day life activities including feeding themselves.
C6 injuries generally allow wrist control to drive using an adaptive vehicle and handle personal hygiene, but poor fine hand function.
Loss of Function at Thorasic region:
T1 through T12 relay signals to the torso and some parts of the arms.
Loss of Function for a Mid-Back / Lumbar & Sacral
L1, L2, L3, L4, L5 means mid-back, right below the ribs.
L1-L5, control signals to the hips and legs.
L4 injury can usually still extend the knees.
S1 through S5 The sacral segments (S1 through S5) lie just below the mid back and control signals to the groin, toes, and some parts of the legs.
In Addition to loss of function, Spinal Cord Injury can lead to other changes.
After a Spinal Cord Injury, in addition to loss of function, other change may occur. These may include:
Inability to control bowel, bladder & Sexual Function
Low blood pressure
Autonomic dysreflexia (for injuries above T6)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Cullotta Law Offices' Personal Injury Lawyer specializing in Spinal Cord Injury & Paralysis that, in IL, is usually caused by an auto accident or fall. Contact us at 847-651-7191.