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4 Types Facial Fractures

July 2, 2019

Have your sustained a facial fracture, like a eye injury, midface fracture, broken jaw, cracked skull or forehead, or other facial bone fracture due to the someone else’s wrongdoing? Head trauma during a car accident can cause 4 types facial fractures.  Facial fractures can further cause neurological trauma, damage to the sinus ducts, and other medical problems.  Contact Cullotta Law Offices 847-651-7191 for a free consultation 

1. Broken Nose (fractured nasal bone)

Broken nose is the most frequent type of facial fracture. It is easier to break your nose than other facial bones because the bones in your nose are thin, they are thin and stick out more than the other bones in your face.  How do you know if you broke your nose? The most common symptoms of a broken nose are: Swelling, nosebleeds, and contusions or bruising around the nose are common symptoms of a nasal fracture. If Nose is broken, X-rays might not be required.

2. Frontal Bone Fracture (forehead)

Forehead fracture is fracture to the frontal bone and floor of the sinuses. Significant force, such as a high impact car accident, is required to crack your frontal bone. Frontal bone fractures can also crack the skull or cause neurological trauma. Other problems to cracked forehead may be include leakage to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), fractured orbit or naso-orbital fracture, and damage to the sinus ducts.

3. Orbital Fracture Orbital (eye socket fracture)

There are three main types of eye socket or orbital fractures: 

    1. Orbital rim fracture is break to the thickest part of the eye socket. It takes a lot of force to crack orbital bone. Damage to the optic nerve I can accompany orbital rim fractures
    2. Blowout fracture is when the outer rim remains in tact and a break in the thin bone at the lower part of the eye socket. This can cause eye muscles and other structures to become entrapped in the crack and prevent eyeball from moving normally.
    3. Direct orbital floor fracture is an orbital rim fracture that extends into the lower eye socket.

4. Fractures of the Midface (LeFort Fractures) 

Mid-face fractures include upper jaw or cheekbone fractures. Fractures to midface may cause irreversible damage and can even be life-threatening.  A blunt force trauma can cause complex fractures along 3-paths of weakness in the mid-face: (1) a fracture to lower part of one cheek, (2) a fracture across the bridge of the nose around the eyes or (3) a break to  lower jaw or fracture to part of the other cheek.

Other Facts About Facial Fractures:

    • Symptoms:

Common signs of a head injury facial fracture may include: pain, bruising, swelling, or tenderness.

    • Facial Fracture Diagnostic Tests: 

If a fracture is suspected, CT scan, series of X-rays may be enough.  Furthermore, only an X-ray may be taken if a CT scan cannot be performed or there is no indication of a midface or maxillary fracture. 2D face CT scans and 3D reconstructive scans may be be necessary to diagnose and before facial reconstructive surgery.

    • Treatment of Facial Fractures: 

In general, fractures may be treatable by performing a closed reduction or by an open reduction.  Complex fractures of multiple broken face bones requires reconstructive surgery.

    • Prevention

Facial Fractures may be prevented by wearing a helmet and other protective equipment when operating in car or on a motorcycle scooter.  

Also, follow safety guidelines at work and wear a seat belt when driving a motor vehicle or riding in one.

Contact Cullotta Law  at 847-651-7191 Our Chicago and Glenview brain injury lawyer specializes in fractures to facial bones and other types of  and brain injury caused by  in Illinois.  

 

 

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